The Danish quota system for the majority of the pelagic species was changed in 2003 into ITQs - Individual Transferable Quota. Based on the catch of each individual vessel in the recent three years a quota share (per mille) of the total Danish quota of each species was allocated. Based on the quota shares each year’s Danish TAC from EU is divided among the active vessels.
The quota shares were allocated with 8 years’ notice, which later on was extended to 16 years. The new quota system completely changed the possibilities for the Danish pelagic fishing companies. Now the quota shares could be traded, and a suitable utilization of the catching capacity could be planned. With the ITQ system, long term planning became possible, and investments in new vessels with new technology took place. Thereby high product quality, sustainable fishing effort and improved work environment was secured.
Each year’s quota is calculated on basis of biological analyses from The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea ICES. The stock of each species is always maintained. Only the biological surplus is accepted for fishing efforts, whereby the necessary sustainability is obtained.
The ICES website describes each single stock and their status: ICES
The Total Allowable Catch TAC of herring in the North Sea, which EU and Norway have agreed for 2018 is 600.588 tons corresponding an increase of 24,7% compared to 2017. The Danish share of the TAC is 113.019 tons. This increase is quite unexpected and perhaps due to pressure from Norway. EU and Norway will start negotiations for a new management plan in 2018. Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 14,45% of the Danish quota.
The 2018 TAC for Skagerrak/Kattegat is reduced by approx. 4% compared to 2017. The Danish share is 20.255 tons. Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 13,2% of the quota. Normally 50% of the quota may be taken in the North Sea. The Skagerrak/Kattegat herring was certified by MSC in 2016.
The North Sea sprat is used for various products for human consumption and for production of fishmeal and fish oil. The present quota year has now been settled from 1st July 2017 to 30th June 2018. The Danish quota has been fixed at 144.711 tons. The North Sea sprat has been certified by MSC on 21st March 2017. Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 14% of the Danish quota.
The quota for horse mackerel in the Channel and Western areas is unexpectedly increased by 20,6% compared to 2017. The calculation method for the quota advice seems unsecure and does not correspond to the experience from the active skippers. The Danish share is 9.871 tons. Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 34% of the Danish quota.
The mackerel stock in the North Atlantic is also under influence of climatic changes, and the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland now see increased mackerel recordings. This situation makes the biological advice less reliable, and calls for increased efforts in data collection and cooperation between the scientists and the fishing companies. The Danísh mackerel quota for 2018 is reduced by 20% compared to last year. Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 8,3% of the Danish quota.
The quota is fixed for the period 1st January 2017 to 31st October 2018. Normally EU takes 75% of the advice, but for this year EU took 50% for the quota fixing. The Danish quota is 54.949 tons. The Norway pout has been certified by MSC with effect from 21st March 2017. Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 24,2 % of the Danish quota.
The Danish quota allocations for 2018 will be approx. 210.000 tons. Area 1 will get 140.000 tons. Area 2 will get 5.000 tons. Area 3 will get 5.000 tons and area 4 will get 61.000 tons. This means that Astrid Fiskeri A/S will have 14.426 tons in area 1. Approx. 1.000 tons in area 2 and 3, and 6.300 tons in area 4.
The quota fixing for this year is almost similar to last year. The Danish quiota is 25.875 tons, and Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 18,95%.
The quota advice for 2017 and 2018 is almost unchanged. The Danish quota in EU/International zone is 61.277 tons. Astrid Fiskeri A/S holds 8,2%.